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Can Guinea Pigs Have Broccoli?

Last Updated: 28.02.20


When it comes to choosing the right guinea pig food when you create the diet for the little guy, it’s always best to research any new vegetable or ingredient that you plan to introduce since not all of them are beneficial.

It’s true that a balanced and complete mix is key for a healthy development, but never take any chances, especially since cavies can be easily affected by drastic changes.

Many times you might choose to feed your guinea pig based on what you have around the house, and on the foods that you eat yourself, but this raises the question if all vegetables and fruits are safe. The answer is no.

While most of the fresh fruits and vegetables we eat can be enjoyed by guinea pigs as well and are considered healthy treats, there are certain cases that require some special attention. This brings us to the main question we are going to cover in this article, namely “how good is broccoli for guinea pigs?”.


Can guinea pigs eat broccoli?

The answer, in this case, is yes, they can eat broccoli, which means that your little guy will also be quite happy since cavies absolutely love this vegetable. The good news is that broccoli is both healthy and tasty, as well as rich in vitamin C, which is one of the essential elements these pets need for optimal development.

Moreover, given the harder structure of broccoli, it’s also very beneficial for dental care since guinea pigs need to wear their teeth to prevent overgrowing issues. However, there are some precautions you need to be aware of before placing a huge piece of broccoli into the cage.

This vegetable should be treated and given with moderation since it’s rich in oxalates. These are natural components that in the case of guinea pigs can cause some health issues, namely bladder stones, kidney stones, or crystals if they are consumed in large quantities.

Moreover, since guinea pigs are herbivores that naturally get the necessary nutrients from vegetables and fruits, broccoli should always be given to them raw, not cooked in any way. If cooked food makes its way toward the cage, there’s a chance that other complications might appear since it can also include ingredients that are toxic for these rodents.

While this is not always the case for humans, cavies love broccoli in all its glory and could nibble and munch on it all day long. Therefore, it’s your job to make sure that a balance is maintained in terms of frequency and quantities, especially if your guinea pig has a history of urinary tract issues as well.



Benefits of broccoli for guinea pigs

First of all, it’s good to know that these little creatures cannot produce or store vitamin C on their own, which means that they need a constant source of this in their food.

While it’s true that the pellets you include in their daily diets usually contain everything they need, sometimes these can lose some of the nutritional qualities, especially if the pack has been exposed to air for a while.

Moreover, a balanced diet also means getting nutrients and vitamins from various fresh sources as well, and this is exactly where broccoli comes into the picture. This vegetable contains important amounts of vitamin C, therefore it can provide the occasional boosts our furry friends need for an active life.

In rare cases of serious vitamin C deficits, cavies develop scurvy signs, so if you notice some of these, you need to pay the local vet a visit and see which is the best way to tackle this issue. However, broccoli alongside a balanced and complete diet that includes pellets can definitely help prevent this.

Thanks to this vegetable, cavies can have healthier blood vessels, as well as the necessary amounts of collagen within the body. These are necessary for faster healing processes, as well as for bone formation, which means you can take it into consideration for younger individuals as well.

Furthermore, broccoli comes with plenty of benefits for dental care, thanks to its structure and texture. If you include it in your pet’s meals, you’ll see that the little fellow will have healthy gums and teeth, avoiding risks that can otherwise appear.

The vitamin C it contains is a powerful antioxidant for a healthy organism since it protects against free radicals, this way reducing the aging process. Even though this might sound a bit weird to consider when it comes to guinea pigs, the truth is that we want to spend as much time as possible with our adorable friends since they bring us a lot of joy every day.


Some precautions

While it’s true that broccoli comes with many benefits that make it a vegetable you should include in your pet’s diet, do remember to do this in a moderate way. Even humans can deal with an upset stomach if too much of one type of food is eaten, so you can only imagine what this can mean for a much smaller living creature.

Moreover, cavies love this vegetable so much that they might eat more than they should if given the opportunity. Some of the things you can do to prevent overeating include adding broccoli to a mix of other vegetables and removing any leftovers from the cage after a short while.

Guinea pigs are also usually prone to having some urinary tract issues, so in case you suspect anything of the kind or you are already aware of such a history, then you should check with the local vet and see if you should include broccoli in everyday meals and in what quantities.


Some tips

According to experts and other pet parents, broccoli should only be included 2 or 3 times a week within meals since this is enough to ensure a proper nutrition. Moreover, cavies can eat every part, including the flowers (the head) and the leaves. In case the stem proves to be too massive for them to handle, you can slice it or chop it up beforehand.



You can consider broccoli to be a treat that is given when you are spending some quality time with your pet, but always in small pieces and quantities. This highly nutritious vegetable also contains a lot of fibers which come with both benefits and risks.

While it’s very good for digestion, if the quantity ingested is too much, it can, in fact, have a reversed effect and cause gas, bloating, and diarrhea. Therefore, you need to make sure that the little guy is protected from this through only eating moderate quantities.

Since the leaves contain a lot of vitamin A as well, a very useful approach is to divide the broccoli into portions for a week and feed your cavy heads with stem on one day and leaves another day.

In terms of recommended servings, the general rule says that a ½ floret that includes the stalk underneath is enough for a guinea pig. Also, given that the outer layer of stalks is rather rough and rubbery, you can peel it which will make your guinea pig enjoy it a lot more. Then, you can simply have some quality time together with this treat.




1) A well-balanced guinea pig diet

2) Vitamin C Supplements for Guinea Pigs

3) Diet, Lifespan and facts – guinea pigs

4) Vitamin C Deficiency in Guinea Pigs



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Irina Ionescu

As a long-term learner and animal lover, Irina helps her readers find the best products and accessories for their pets, as well as the latest training techniques, tips & tricks on how to handle animals.

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